Illustrated Sunday Herald (London), February 8, 1920, pg. 5
- ZIONISM versus BOLSHEVISM.
- A STRUGGLE FOR THE SOUL OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE.
- By the Rt. Hon. Winston S. Churchill.
Caption of accompanying photograph: "Mr. Churchill inspecting his old regiment, the 4th Hussars, at Aldershot last week”
SOME people like Jews and some do not; but no thoughtful man can
doubt the fact that they are beyond all question the most formidable and
the most remarkable race which has ever appeared in the world.
Disraeli, the Jew Prime Minister of England, and Leader of the
Conservative Party, who was always true to his race and proud of his
origin, said on a well-known occasion: "The Lord deals with the nations
as the nations deal with the Jews.” Certainly when we look at the
miserable state of Russia, where of all countries in the world the Jews
were the most cruelly treated, and contrast it with the fortunes of our
own country, which seems to have been so providentially preserved amid
the awful perils of these times, we must admit that nothing that has
since happened in the history of the world has falsified the truth of
Disraeli’s confident assertion.
The conflict between good and evil which proceeds unceasingly in the
breast of man nowhere reaches such an intensity as in the Jewish race.
The dual nature of mankind is nowhere more strongly or more terribly
exemplified. We owe to the Jews in the Christian revelation a system of
ethics which, even if it were entirely separated from the supernatural,
would be incomparably the most precious possession of mankind, worth in
fact the fruits of all other wisdom and learning put together. On that
system and by that faith there has been built out of the wreck of the
Roman Empire the whole of our existing civilisation.
And it may well be that this same astounding race may at the present
time be in the actual process of producing another system of morals and
philosophy, as malevolent as Christianity was benevolent, which, if not
arrested, would shatter irretrievably all that Christianity has rendered
possible. It would almost seem as if the gospel of Christ and the
gospel of Antichrist were destined to originate among the same people;
and that this mystic and mysterious race had been chosen for the supreme
manifestations, both of the divine and the diabolical.
There can be no greater mistake than to attribute to each individual a
recognisable share in the qualities which make up the national
character. There are all sorts of men – good, bad and, for the most
part, indifferent – in every country, and in every race. Nothing is more
wrong than to deny to an individual, on account of race or origin, his
right to be judged on his personal merits and conduct. In a people of
peculiar genius like the Jews, contrasts are more vivid, the extremes
are more widely separated, the resulting consequences are more decisive.
At the present fateful period there are three main lines of political
conception among the Jews, two of which are helpful and hopeful in a
very high degree to humanity, and the third absolutely destructive.
First there are the Jews who, dwelling in every country throughout
the world, identify themselves with that country, enter into its
national life, and, while adhering faithfully to their own religion,
regard themselves as citizens in the fullest sense of the State which
has received them. Such a Jew living in England would say, "I am an
Englishman practising the Jewish faith.” This is a worthy conception,
and useful in the highest degree. We in Great Britain well know that
during the great struggle the influence of what may be called the
"National Jews” in many lands was cast preponderatingly on the side of
the Allies; and in our own Army Jewish soldiers have played a most
distinguished part, some rising to the command of armies, others winning
the Victoria Cross for valour.
The National Russian Jews, in spite of the disabilities under which
they have suffered, have managed to play an honourable and useful part
in the national life even of Russia. As bankers and industrialists they
have strenuously promoted the development of Russia’s economic resources
and they were foremost in the creation of those remarkable
organisations, the Russian Co-operative Societies. In politics their
support has been given, for the most part, to liberal and progressive
movements, and they have been among the staunchest upholders of
friendship with France and Great Britain.
In violent opposition to all this sphere of Jewish effort rise the
schemes of the International Jews. The adherents of this sinister
confederacy are mostly men reared up among the unhappy populations of
countries where Jews are persecuted on account of their race. Most, if
not all, of them have forsaken the faith of their forefathers, and
divorced from their minds all spiritual hopes of the next world. This
movement among the Jews is not new. From the days of Spartacus-Weishaupt
to those of Karl Marx, and down to Trotsky (Russia), Bela Kun
(Hungary), Rosa Luxembourg (Germany), and Emma Goldman (United States),
this world-wide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilisation and for the
reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of
envious malevolence, and impossible equality, has been steadily growing.
It played, as a modern writer, Mrs. Webster, has so ably shown, a
definitely recognisable part in the tragedy of the French Revolution. It
has been the mainspring of every subversive movement during the
Nineteenth Century; and now at last this band of extraordinary
personalities from the underworld of the great cities of Europe and
America have gripped the Russian people by the hair of their heads and
have become practically the undisputed masters of that enormous empire.
There is no need to exaggerate the part played in the creation of
Bolshevism and in the actual bringing about of the Russian Revolution by
these international and for the most part atheistical Jews. It is
certainly a very great one; it probably outweighs all others. With the
notable exception of Lenin, the majority of the leading figures are
Jews. Moreover, the principal inspiration and driving power comes from
the Jewish leaders. Thus Tchitcherin, a pure Russian, is eclipsed by his
nominal subordinate Litvinoff, and the influence of Russians like
Bukharin or Lunacharski cannot be compared with the power of Trotsky, or
of Zinovieff, the Dictator of the Red Citadel (Petrograd), or of
Krassin or Radek – all Jews. In the Soviet institutions the predominance
of Jews is even more astonishing. And the prominent, if not indeed the
principal, part in the system of terrorism applied by the Extraordinary
Commissions for Combating Counter-Revolution has been taken by Jews, and
in some notable cases by Jewesses. The same evil prominence was
obtained by Jews in the brief period of terror during which Bela Kun
ruled in Hungary. The same phenomenon has been presented in Germany
(especially in Bavaria), so far as this madness has been allowed to prey
upon the temporary prostration of the German people. Although in all
these countries there are many non-Jews every whit as bad as the worst
of the Jewish revolutionaries, the part played by the latter in
proportion to their numbers in the population is astonishing.
Needless to say, the most intense passions of revenge have been
excited in the breasts of the Russian people. Wherever General Denikin’s
authority could reach, protection was always accorded to the Jewish
population, and strenuous efforts were made by his officers to prevent
reprisals and to punish those guilty of them. So much was this the case
that the Petlurist propaganda against General Denikin denounced him as
the Protector of the Jews. The Misses Healy, nieces of Mr. Tim Healy, in
relating their personal experiences in Kieff, have declared that to
their knowledge on more than one occasion officers who committed
offences against Jews were reduced to the ranks and sent out of the city
to the front. But the hordes of brigands by whom the whole vast expanse
of the Russian Empire is becoming infested do not hesitate to gratify
their lust for blood and for revenge at the expense of the innocent
Jewish population whenever an opportunity occurs. The brigand Makhno,
the hordes of Petlura and of Gregorieff, who signalised their every
success by the most brutal massacres, everywhere found among the
half-stupefied, half-infuriated population an eager response to
anti-Semitism in its worst and foulest forms.
The fact that in many cases Jewish interests and Jewish places of
worship are excepted by the Bolsheviks from their universal hostility
has tended more and more to associate the Jewish race in Russia with the
villainies which are now being perpetrated. This is an injustice on
millions of helpless people, most of whom are themselves sufferers from
the revolutionary regime. It becomes, therefore, specially important to
foster and develop any strongly-marked Jewish movement which leads
directly away from these fatal associations. And it is here that Zionism
has such a deep significance for the whole world at the present time.
Zionism offers the third sphere to the political conceptions of the
Jewish race. In violent contrast to international communism, it presents
to the Jew a national idea of a commanding character. It has fallen to
the British Government, as the result of the conquest of Palestine, to
have the opportunity and the responsibility of securing for the Jewish
race all over the world a home and a centre of national life. The
statesmanship and historic sense of Mr. Balfour were prompt to seize
this opportunity. Declarations have been made which have irrevocably
decided the policy of Great Britain. The fiery energies of Dr.
Weissmann, the leader, for practical purposes, of the Zionist project,
backed by many of the most prominent British Jews, and supported by the
full authority of Lord Allenby, are all directed to achieving the
success of this inspiring movement.
Of course, Palestine is far too small to accommodate more than a
fraction of the Jewish race, nor do the majority of national Jews wish
to go there. But if, as may well happen, there should be created in our
own lifetime by the banks of the Jordan a Jewish State under the
protection of the British Crown, which might comprise three or four
millions of Jews, an event would have occurred in the history of the
world which would, from every point of view, be beneficial, and would be
especially in harmony with the truest interests of the British Empire.
Zionism has already become a factor in the political convulsions of
Russia, as a powerful competing influence in Bolshevik circles with the
international communistic system. Nothing could be more significant than
the fury with which Trotsky has attacked the Zionists generally, and
Dr. Weissmann in particular. The cruel penetration of his mind leaves
him in no doubt that his schemes of a world-wide communistic State under
Jewish domination are directly thwarted and hindered by this new ideal,
which directs the energies and the hopes of Jews in every land towards a
simpler, a truer, and a far more attainable goal. The struggle which is
now beginning between the Zionist and Bolshevik Jews is little less
than a struggle for the soul of the Jewish people.
It is particularly important in these circumstances that the national
Jews in every country who are loyal to the land of their adoption
should come forward on every occasion, as many of them in England have
already done, and take a prominent part in every measure for combating
the Bolshevik conspiracy. In this way they will be able to vindicate the
honour of the Jewish name and make it clear to all the world that the
Bolshevik movement is not a Jewish movement, but is repudiated
vehemently by the great mass of the Jewish race.
But a negative resistance to Bolshevism in any field is not enough.
Positive and practicable alternatives are needed in the moral as well as
in the social sphere; and in building up with the utmost possible
rapidity a Jewish national centre in Palestine which may become not only
a refuge to the oppressed from the unhappy lands of Central Europe, but
which will also be a symbol of Jewish unity and the temple of Jewish
glory, a task is presented on which many blessings rest.